2018-11-07 16:30 | 来源：网络
例：As(it is)in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south.
(2) as+形容词/副词原级+(a /an)+名词+as ;
否定式：not as/so --- as
例：He is as good a player as his sister.
(3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于……
例：She is such a fool as to believe what he said.
(4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于……
例：He was so strong as to carry the heavy box.
(5) such...as... 象……之类的…… (接名词或定语从句)
例：He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was.
(6) the same +名词+as 和……一样的…… (接名词或定语从句)
例：He is not the same man as he used to be.
(7) as 引导非限制性定语从句
例：As is known to us, knowledge is power.
例：We get wiser as we get older.
(9) 引导原因状语从句，与 because的用法相近
例：As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.
例：Child as he is, he knows much about science.
(1) prefer to do sth
例：I prefer to stay at home.
(2) prefer doing sth
例：I prefer playing in defence.
(3) prefer sb to do sth
例：Would you prefer me to stay?
(4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth ……
例句：I prefer to stay at home rather than go out.
(5) prefer doing sth to doing sth
例：I prefer watching football to playing it.
(6) prefer sth to sth
例：I prefer tea to coffee.
(1) be doing sth...when...
例：He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.
(2) be about to do sth ... when ...
例：We were about to start when it began to rain.
(3) had just done ... when ...
例：I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.
(1) It +seems + that从句
例：It seemed that everyone was satisfied.
(2) It seems to sb that ...
例：It seems to me that she is right.
(3) There seems to be ...
例：There seems to be a heavy rain.
(4) It seems as if ...
例：It seemed that she couldn't come to class.
(1) She is taller than I by three inches.
(2) There is one year between us.
(3) She is three years old than I.
(4) They have increased the price by 50%.
(5) His salary has rised to 10,000 yuan per month.
(1) what 引导主语从句
例：What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her.
[ indifferent adj.不关心的;冷漠的]
(2) what 引导宾语从句
例：We can learn what we do not know.
(3) what 引导表语从句
例：That is what I want.
(4) what 引导同位语从句
例：I have no idea what they are talking about.
(1) too ... to do ...
例：Politics is too important to be left to the politicians.(=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.)
(2) only too ... to do ...
例：I shall be only too pleased to get home.
(3) too + adj + for sth
例：These shoes are much too small for me.
(4) too + adj + a + n.
例：This is too difficult a text for me.
(5) can't … too +形容词 无论……也不为过
例：We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.
(1) where 引导的定语从句
例：This is the house where he lived last year.
(2) where 引导的状语从句
例：Where there is a will，there is a way.
He left his key where he could find.
I will go where I want to go.
(3) where 引导的表语从句
例：This is where you are wrong.
(1) wish that sb did sth 希望某人现在做某事
例：I wish I were as strong as you.
(2) wish that sb had done sth 希望某人过去做某事
例： I wish you had told me earlier
(3) wish that sb would/could do sth 希望某人将来做某事
例：I wish you would succeed this time.
11、 before 句型
(1) would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿做……而不愿做……
例：She would rather die than turn against his motherland.
(2) would rather have done sth 宁愿过去做过某事
例：I would rather have taken his advice.
(3) would rather sb had done sth 宁愿某人过去做过某事
例：I would rather I had passed the examination last week.
(4) would rather sb did sth 宁愿某人现在或将来做某事
例： Who would you rather went with you?
(1) before sb can/ could … 某人还没来得及……
例：Before I could get in a word ，he had measured me.
(2) It will be +时间+ before + 还有多长时间……
例：It will be 4 years before he graduates.
(3) had done some time before (才……)
例：We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land.
(4) had not done ... before ... 不到……就……
例：We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired.
(5) It was not +一段时间+ before 不多久就……
例：It wasn’t two years before he left the country.
(1) It is /was +被强调部分+that(who)...
例：It was I who wrote to my uncle yesterday.
(2) Is/was it + 被强调部分 + that (who) ...
例：Was it your brother that you met in the street?
(3) Where/who/what/how等特殊疑问词 + is/was it that ...
例：How is it that you will go to visit her tomorrow?
(4) do/does/did +谓语动词 (强调谓语)
例：They do know the place well.
(1)would like to/ would love to have done sth.
例：I would like to have written to you.
(2) was / were going to do sth.(用过去将来时态表示原打算做什么)
例：Lucy was going to watch a basketball match.
1) 一般形式：He decided to work harder in order to catch up with the others.
被动形式: He preferred to be assigned some heavier work to do.
2) 完成形式：He pretended not to have seen me.
被动形式：The book is said to have been translated into many languages.
3）不定式充当名词功能---To see is to believe.
1)感官动词 see, watch, observe, notice, look at, hear, listen to, smell, taste, feel
+ do 表示动作的完整性，真实性；
+ doing 表示动作的连续性，进行性
I saw him work in the garden yesterday.
I saw him working in the garden yesterday.
" 感官动词后面接形容词而不是副词：The cake tastes good; It feels comfortable .
2) 使役动词 have bid make let 等词后不定式要省略但同1)一样被动以后要还原to
I 'd like to have John do it.
I have my package weighed.
Paul doesn't have to be made to learn.
3) help help sb do help sb to do help do help to do
want，wish，hope，manage，promise，refuse，pretend，plan， offer，decide，agree，expect allow sb to do, cause sb to do , permit sb to do, enable sb to do
force sb to do. be more likely to do love to do warn sb to do be able to do
be ambitious to do. begin to do . start to do
We agreed _______ here，but so far she hasn't turned up yet．（NMET
A．having met B．meeting C．to meet D．to have met （Key：C）
accustom (oneself) to; be accustomed to; face up to; in addition to; look forward to; object to; be reduced to; resign oneself to; be resigned to; resort to; sink to; be used to; be alternative to; be close/closeness to; be dedication/dedicated to; be opposition/opposed to; be similarity/similar to.
二. 动名词： 具有动作性特征的名词
1)是名词 seeing is believing
2)具有动词性特征可以带宾语 starving troops is necessary.
一般形式：I don't like you smoking.
完成形式：I regret not having taken your advice.
被动形式：This question is far from being settled.
I would appreciate_______ back this afternoon．（MET 1992）
A．you to call B．you call C．you calling D．you're calling（Key：C your calling 也对）
I regret not having taken your advice.
admit; appreciate; avoid; celebrate; consider; contemplate; defer; delay; deny; detest; discontinue; dislike; dispute; enjoy; it entails; escape; excuse; explain; fancy; feel like; finish; forgive; can't help; hinder; imagine; it involves; keep; it means; mention; mind; miss; it necessitates; pardon; postpone; practice; prevent; recall; report; resent; resist; risk; suggest; understand...
it's no good; it's no/little/hardly any/ use; it's not/hardly/scarcely use; it's worthwhile; spend money/time; there's no; there's no point in; there's nothing worse than; what's the use/point...
n. + together with n2
as well as
with / of
accompanied with / by
4就近原则：n1 or n2 +v（就近原则）
either n1 or n2
5可数n1 and 可数n2+v(pl)
不可数n1 and 不可数n2+v(pl)
例外：war and peace is… war and peace是一个整体
The iron and steel industry is very important to our country.
The head master and mathematical teacher is coming.
The head master and the mathematical teacher are coming.
类似的还有：law and order bread and
butter black and white
To love and to be loved is …
A lawyer and a teacher are…
A lawyer and teacher is …
6随后原则：not A but B / not only A but also B+v.(与B一致)
7百分比结构：most , half , rest , some , majority , one+persent
a）There be +n 由名词决定动词
b）Among , between等介词位于句首引起倒装结构：
Among / Between …+系动词+n. （由名词决定动词）
The good is always attractive.
10 To do/doing/主从+vs
*More than one+n
many a +n.
a day or two
其次，对于单词，有如下几种方法，第一个，是加强记忆的频度，也就是说，早上记了几个，隔几个小时又看一次，总之一天之内，记忆的间隔不要太长，否则你辛苦积累的记忆会随着时间的延长而淡化，第二个，是可以根据自己的理解编顺口溜，比如good morning 是狗摸你…（见笑了）…，第三个，最重要的是，记单词的时候，不要忘了阅读，一边记单词，一边看文章，这样可以把孤立的单词串联起来，记忆的效果会加倍，第四个。
我建议你记单词要分门别类记忆，要形成一个意群，比如，重要性用magnitude magnificence ，表示非常，大大地有exceedingly，tremendously，extremely……这样做在你写作时，是十分有好处的，写作时不要尽写一些低级词汇，你要写高级词汇，比如重要性写magnitude，许多写a multitude of 或者handsome。